"As Long as you live keep smiling because it brightens everybody's day."
A smile makeover is the process of improving the appearance of the smile through one or more cosmetic dentistry procedures, such as dental veneers, composite bonding, tooth implants and teeth whitening.
- Pediatric dentists are dedicated to the oral health of children from infancy through the teen years.
- They have the experience and qualifications to care for a child's teeth, gums, and mouth throughout the various stages of childhood.
- Pediatric dentists provide comprehensive oral health care that includes the following:
- Infant oral health exams, which include risk assessment for caries in mother and child.
- Preventive dental care including cleaning and fluoride treatments, as well as nutrition and diet recommendations.
- Repair of tooth cavities or defects.
- Habit counseling (for example, pacifier use and thumb sucking).
- Early assessment and treatment for straightening teeth and correcting an improper bite (orthodontics) and care for dental injuries (fractured or displaced teeth).
- A dental implant is a metal device designed to replace missing teeth. The device is usually made out of titanium and is surgically placed into the jawbone where the tooth is missing.
- Implants are devices that replace the roots of lost teeth, and are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures.
- If you are missing a single tooth, one implant and a crown can replace it.
- A dental implant replaces both the lost natural tooth and its root.
- In addition to looking and functioning like a natural tooth, a dental implant replaces a single tooth without sacrificing the health of neighboring teeth.
- If you are missing several teeth, implant-supported bridges can replace them.
- Dental implants will replace both your lost natural teeth and some of the roots.
- In addition, because implant-supported bridges will replace some of your tooth roots, your bone is better preserved.
- If you are missing all of your teeth, an implant-supported full bridge or full denture can replace them.
- Dental implants will replace both your lost natural teeth and some of the roots.
- Dental implants integrate with your jawbone, helping to keep the bone healthy and intact.
- Implant supported dentures provide tremendous support and fixation so eating, speaking and smiling is more comfortable.
- Patients with loose lower dentures are great candidates.
- Dentures are a set of replacement teeth for any teeth that are missing.
- When all teeth are gone, the person would need complete dentures, which replace every tooth in the mouth.
- Complete dentures can be either "conventional" or "immediate." Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal.
- Implant supported fixed dentures are a way to replace teeth when all or most of the teeth are missing on the upper or lower jaw.
- This type of prosthesis is sometimes used when a patient cannot tolerate the palate being completely covered.
- It is more comfortable with less material in the mouth.
- The prosthesis consists of a metal frame screwed onto the implants with teeth and pink plastic added to simulate the teeth and gums.
A denture for a partially edentulous patient who desires to have replacement teeth for functional or aesthetic reasons and who cannot have a fixed bridge for any number of reasons, such as a lack of required teeth to serve as support for a bridge or financial limitations.
- They provide excellent aesthetics and comfort giving you confidence while talking and eating, for patients who prefer to wear a removable denture rather than a fixed restoration.
- By using a flexible base, the restoration can adapt to the constant movement and flexibility in your mouth.
- Most flexible materials blend with the tissue in your mouth so that the only thing that shows is your beautiful smile.
- It is the removal of the tooth's pulp, a small, thread-like tissue in the center of the tooth. Once the damaged, diseased or dead pulp is removed, the remaining space is cleaned, shaped and filled. This procedure seals off the root canal.
- The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:
- A cracked tooth
- A deep cavity
- An injury to a tooth, such as a severe knock to the tooth, either recent or in the past.
- Once the pulp is infected or dead, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth and cause pain.
- Dental Crown - is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth -- to cover the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance. The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.
- Dental Bridges - bridges the gap created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge is made up of two crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap -- these two anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth -- and a false tooth/teeth in between.
- PFM's are hybrid between the two types of dental crowns, that they're made out of both metal and porcelain.
- Porcelain is fused to an underlying metal structure to provide strength to a crown or bridge.
- They are very strong and durable.
- This type of crown is actually composed of many different types of elements,including gold, platinum, palladium, silver, copper and tin.
- The only disadvantage of metal dental crowns is their appearance.
- Hence they're not usually placed on teeth that are readily visible when the person smiles.
- Zirconia is a very hard ceramic.
- The zirconia crown structure are layered with aesthetic porcelain to create the final color and shape of the tooth.
- Monolithic zirconia crowns tend to be dense in appearance with a high value and they lack translucency and fluorescence.
- Zirconia crowns allow light to pass as a normal tooth would and that gives a natural look, unlike other metal cores that block the light.
- Cosmetic dentistry is dentistry aimed at creating a positive change to your teeth and to your smile.
- Most think of tooth whitening or veneers when cosmetic dentistry comes to mind, but a cosmetic dentist can provide much more.
- There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain.
- Dental veneers are a form of cosmetic dentistry in which a shell or layer of tooth-colored porcelain or composite is placed over the facial surfaces of teeth to correct worn tooth enamel, uneven tooth alignment or spacing, discoloration and chips or cracks.
- These dental veneers create bright, white improved smile appearance with beautifully aligned, shapely teeth, they also protect the surface of damaged teeth and may eliminate the need for more extensive treatments.
- Laminates covers only the front surface of the tooth.
- They are considered to be a more conservative treatment as it tends to preserve a lot of healthy tooth structure that might have been sacrificed if a crown were to be fabricated
- There are various materials from which laminates can be fabricated as is the case with metal-free crowns. Some of them are :-
- Composite resin
- To treat a cavity remove the decayed portion of the tooth and then "fill" the area on the tooth where the decayed material was removed.
- Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse (such as from nail-biting or tooth grinding).
A composite filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth.
Composites display :
- Aesthetics and Less-costly and more conservative alternative to dental crowns.
- Alternative to tooth removal.
- No mercury released to the environment.
- GIC are clinically attractive dental materials and have certain unique properties that make them useful.
- They bond easily tooth and release fluoride for a relatively long period.
- Good restorative material for cavities in primary teeth for children and in permanent teeth for adults.
- Earlier the trend was to have amalgam fillings (silver) or gold filling restorations.
- These fillings contain mercury which is poisonous to the body as well as the environment.
- The amalgam fillings are generally not as advantageous as composite fillings because they demand more of a tooth removal and are susceptible to corrosion
- Gum disease can be caused by a number of factors, but poor oral hygiene is the most common cause. Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing your teeth properly or regularly, can cause plaque to build up on your teeth.
Scaling and root planing is the process of removing or eliminating the etiologic agents – dental plaque, stains and calculus – which cause inflammation and bleeding gums, thus helping to establish a periodontium that is free of disease.
Curettage has been used to treat teeth affected by periodontitis(called pyorrheoa).
"Gingival curettage is a surgical procedure designed to remove the soft tissue lining of the periodontal pocket with a curet, leaving only a gingival connective tissue lining.
Gingival curettage was designed to promote new connective tissue attachment to the tooth, by the removal of pocket lining and junctional epithelium.
Gingival flap surgery is a type of gum procedure. In cases of severe gum disease (periodontitis) if it cannot be cured with antibiotics or root planing and scaling. A flap procedure cleans the roots of a tooth and repairs bone damage caused by gum disease. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily. This allows a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone. Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis).
Gingivectomy is the removal of gum tissue (gingiva) by surgery. Gingivoplasty is a type of gum surgery used to reshape healthy gum tissue around teeth. A gingivectomy removes and reshapes loose, diseased gum tissue to get rid of pockets between the teeth and gums.
Crown lengthening is a surgical procedure performed by a dentist to expose a greater amount of tooth structure for the purpose of subsequently restoring the tooth prosthetically. This is done by incising the gingival tissue around a tooth and, after temporarily displacing the soft tissue, predictably removing a given height of alveolar bone from the circumference of the tooth or teeth being operated on.
Gum depigmentation (aka gum bleaching) is a procedure used in cosmetic dentistry to remove black spots or patches on the gums caused by excessive melanin. The normal color of the gum tissue (gingiva) is pink, but excess deposits of melanin (melanin gingival hyperpigmentation) can create what seem to be black spots or patches on the gums, creating an aesthetic or cosmetic problem. Discolouration may also be caused by long term use of certain medications. A clinical assessment is carried out to customize the treatment to the patient needs, and the procedure itself can involve surgical, chemical, or laser ablation techniques. Following laser depigmentation, the gingiva heals.
- Wisdom teeth (often notated clinically as M3 for third molar) have long been identified as a source of problems and continue to be the most commonly impacted teeth in the human mouth.
- Impacted wisdom teeth are classified by the direction and depth of impaction, the amount of available space for tooth eruption. and the amount soft tissue or bone (or both) that covers them.
- The classification structure allows clinicians to estimate the probabilities of impaction, infections and complications associated with wisdom teeth removal.
- Wisdom teeth are also classified by the presence (or absence) of symptoms and disease.
- If impacted, treatment can be localized to the infected tissue overlying the impaction, extraction or coronectomy.
- Orthodontics is the first specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both.
- Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. In the latter case it is better defined as "dentofacial orthopaedics".
- A typical orthodontic case can take from 6 months to 2 years for completion.
- Today children as well as adults are choosing to have orthodontic treatment since age is no longer a factor that governs the feasibility of the treatment. But as you grow older the duration of the treatment is increased since it is easier to shift and align teeth during the growth phase of the jaws.
- Tooth Jewellery is much in demand these days in cosmetic dentistry.
- Most are making this style statement not only to surprise friends with a sparkling crystal glass design, or something in gold with a twinkle of ruby or diamond, but also add zing in life.
- These tiny little designs are great fun, and because there is no drilling involved, they won't harm your teeth.
- This ensures that the health of teeth is maintained.
- Teeth whitening has become the most requested procedure in cosmetic dentistry today.
- Dental bleaching, also known as tooth whitening, is a common procedure in general dentistry.
- Whitening restores natural tooth color and bleaching whitens beyond the natural color.
- There are many methods available, such as brushing, bleaching strips, bleaching pen, bleaching gel, and laser bleaching.
Causes of Discolouration Of Teeth:
- Age of the tooth: the teeth become more yellow or opaque and generally have a darker hue, usually after 50.
- Tea & Coffee
- Tobacco ( tar )
- Wine and cola drinks consumed in excess